By Robert B. Gordon
This e-book examines the commercial ecology of two hundred years of ironmaking with renewal strength assets in northwestern Connecticut. It makes a speciality of the cultural context of people's judgements approximately expertise and the surroundings, and the slow transition they effected of their land from business panorama to pastoral countryside.
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Extra resources for A Landscape Transformed: The Ironmaking District of Salisbury, Connecticut
Indians had carried young Kellogg from his Deerfield home and into captivity in 1704. He escaped within a year and, after settling in Wethersfield in 1716, began real estate speculations in the Western Lands. Kellogg's 1729 purchase of a hundred acres abutting the Bantam River west of Litchfield's recently built sawmill gave him a good site for a bloomery forge. Here the falls of the Bantam offered a solid foundation for a dam, and the flow of the river could give him adequate power. Level land nearby would accommodate the forge building.
Although a bloomery forge could be part of an enterprise employing fifty or more hands, it could also be little more than a smithy in size and complexity. A farmer could accumulate enough money to build one. Alternatively, a number of individuals might take shares in a forge run by a single artisan. The proprietors of a mercantile business, or of grist or sawmills on the same or a nearby water privilege, could easily add a bloomery to their other enterprises. 0 build the forge equipment, and market the product.
These men took on varied tasks, as needed: between June and August 1805, William Foxon made gudgeons, steeled a shaft, turned gristmill spindles, forged and turned fulling mill and sawmill cranks, made a printing press pin for John Roberts of Hartford, turned a clothiers' crank and three bearings, and made pins (screws) for a steamboat and screw plates for a comb factory. He and his son made new rolls and did general repairs at the slitting mill. 9 Each of the artisans working for Forbes & Adam, except a few on day wages, negotiated an agreement with the partners.