By Marilyn D. Rhinehart
The coal mine represented even more than a manner of constructing a residing to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings existence, and miners ruled its social existence. the massive immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen international locations, which lent a strong point to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the website of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North primary Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that via 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the neighborhood, and the advantages and constraints of lifestyles in an organization city.
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Additional info for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)
Marital Status of Coal Miners, Thurber, Texas, 1900 16 4. Household and Family Structure of Coal Miners, Thurber, Texas, 1900 17 5. Average Number of Days Worked in Texas Mines, 18901902 27 6. Earnings Comparison, Tonnage Workers vs. Other Occupations, October, 1890 and October, 1900, Thurber, Texas 3031 7. Ethnicity and Assimilation Components in the Coal-Mining Population, Thurber, Texas, 1910 94 8. Occupations by Ethnicity and Race, Thurber, Texas, 1910 9697 9. Marital Status of Coal Miners, Thurber, Texas, 1910 98 10.
According to the United States Coal Commission, that one factorthe height or thickness of a coal seamdetermined more than any other how much coal a miner produced in a day. Thurber's coal diggers quickly learned, if they did not already know, the especially difficult task involved in mining the narrow "pencil streaks" of bituminous coal that crossed Erath and Palo Pinto counties. 4 The trip to the seam below began in an elevator or cage at the mouth of the shaft from which the miners gained entry into their underground workshop.
It was not unusual, Page 24 in fact, for a pit boss to apologize to the miners for car-related delays. 19 When the lack of cars or other supplies cut the workday short, another problem developed about which the miners in Thurber constantly groused. The locomotive that transported the miners to the pits each day also pulled coal-loaded cars to nearby Thurber Junction, retrieved empty cars, and then distributed them at each mine before quitting time. Any disruption in either the train's or the miners' schedule meant more unproductive slack time.